瑞士纳沙泰尔大学Martin Hilpert教授关于 “构式语法研究前沿”系列学术讲座的通知

主讲人Martin Hilpert教授(瑞士纳沙泰尔大学)

主持人:孟庆楠 副教授(大连海事大学)


第一讲121日(16:00-18:00 北京时间)

题目:构式语法能为对比语言学研究带来哪些启示?

What can Construction Grammar offer to contrastive linguistics?

腾讯会议号513-253-577(密码:202312

内容简介

In this talk, I will discuss how cross-linguistic studies that adopt a contrastive perspective can benefit from conceptual and methodological tools from Construction Grammar. My starting point will be a set of English grammatical constructions, including the comparative alternation (prouder, more proud), verb-first conditionals (Had I known this, I would have stayed at home), and constructions of future time reference (will, shall, be going to). I will compare these constructions to their counterparts in other languages, using a variety of corpus-based, quantitative techniques. I will argue that adopting a constructional perspective is a useful strategy insofar as it can direct attention to relevant parameters that would not be detected in an analysis of a single language. Second, cross-linguistic comparisons of constructions are apt test cases for functional motivations that have been proposed on the basis of single language studies. Third, by adapting quantitative techniques to the purpose of contrastive analyses, we can extend our methodological toolkit, answer new research questions, and develop research protocols that can be applied to comparative studies in other languages.  


第二讲128日(16:00-18:00 北京时间)

题目为何自然语言中的语法元素比词汇元素分布更加均衡?

Why are grammatical elements more evenly dispersed than lexical elements?

腾讯会议号591-523-595(密码:202312

内容简介

Grammatical elements such as determiners, conjunctions, or pronouns are very evenly dispersed across natural language data. By contrast, the usage events of lexical elements have a stronger tendency to occur in bursts that are interspersed by long lulls. This talk will consider two alternative explanations for this difference. First, it could be hypothesized that the more even distribution of grammatical elements is merely an effect of high text frequency. Alternatively, it could be argued that a more even distribution is a symptom of greater generality in meaning. In order to assess the impact of both frequency and semantic generality, a corpus-based study is conducted in order to contrast lexical and grammatical elements in Present-Day English.


主讲人简介

Martin Hilpert教授,博士毕业于美国莱斯大学语言学系,后在美国加州大学伯克利分校计算机科学学院从事博士后研究。现为瑞士纳沙泰尔大学(Université de Neuchâtel)分管教学副校长(2020-至今),语言学学科负责人,主要从事构式语法、认知语言学、语料库语言学等方面的研究。现为SSCI刊物Functions of Language主编、Cognitive Linguistics副主编,以及Constructions and FramesEnglish Language and Linguistics的编委会成员。此外,Martin Hilpert教授还曾应邀在日本、法国、西班牙等国举办的认知语言学、构式语法、语料库语言学国际学术会议上进行过主旨发言,并于2018年获得瑞士政府颁发的最佳教学奖


欢迎感兴趣的师生参与讨论!



外国语学院

20231120


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